Updated: 2020-03-06 Print

Population: 2,078,400 (2018)

Area: 87,000 square kilometers

Location: northern part of the Chinese mainland and southwest of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region


Ordos, together with Hohhot and Baotou, is part of the "golden triangle" in the economic development of the autonomous region. Its main economic indicators are leading the whole region and positioned at the forefront of China's western regions. A prominent American consulting firm estimates that Ordos is one of the few locations in the world best suited for developing energy-intensive industries. In accordance with national planning, Ordos continues to place great emphasis on developing "Five bases" — a clean energy output base, a modern coal chemical production demonstration base, an aluminum industry and equipment manufacturing base, a green agricultural and animal products processing output base and a tourism base.

In 2019, Ordos’ economy developed steadily, achieving a regional GDP of 360.5 billion yuan ($51.95 billion), an increase of 4 percent over the previous year, according to statistics. Of the total, the added value of the primary industry totaled 12.37 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 1.5 percent. Elsewhere, the added value of the secondary industry was 209.23 billion yuan, an increase of 4.3 percent, while the added value of the tertiary industry was 138.91 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6 percent.

The total local fiscal revenue for the year was 103.2 billion yuan, an increase of 12.6 percent and the local general public budget revenue was 50 billion yuan, an increase of 15.6 percent year-on-year. The proportion of total local fiscal revenue to the GDP was 28.6 percent, an annual increase of 1.6 percentage points.

In 2019, the per capita disposable income of all residents was 41,368 yuan, an increase of 7.4 percent year-on-year. Of this, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 49,768 yuan, an increase of 6.3 percent year-on-year. Meanwhile, the disposable income of rural residents in pastoral areas was 20,075 yuan, an increase of 9.8 percent. The income ratio of urban and rural residents in the city has narrowed from 2.56: 1 in 2018 to 2.48: 1 in 2019.

Administrative divisions

Ordos city governs two districts and seven banners – Dongsheng district, Kangbashi New Area, Dalad Banner, Jungar Banner, Otog Front Banner, Otog Banner, Hanggin Banner, Uxin Banner, and Ejin Horo Banner.